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Free notes on:

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Types of Computer

Parts of Computer

Network Topology

                                                          PARTS OF COMPUTER

There are mainly three parts of computer:
(1) INPUT DEVICE: Those device through which we can input our data.
Example:Keyboard,Mouse,Joystick,OCR(Optical Character Redear),OMR(Optical Mark Redear),MICR(Magenetic Ink Character Redear),etc.

(2) CPU(Central Processing Unit):Central Processing Unit - (CPU, processor) The part of a computer which controls all the other parts. Designs vary widely but the CPU generally consists of the control unit, the arithmetic and logic unit (ALU), registers, temporary buffers and various other logic.

The control unit fetches instructions from memory and decodes them to produce signals which control the other parts of the computer. These signals cause it to transfer data between memory and ALU or to activate peripherals to perform input or output.

Various types of memory, including cache, RAM and ROM, are often considered to be part of the CPU, particularly in modern microprocessors where a single integrated circuit may contain one or more processors as well as any or all of the above types of memory. The CPU, and any of these components that are in separate chips, are usually all located on the same printed circuit board, known as the motherboard. This in turn is located in the system unit (sometimes incorrectly referred to as the "CPU").

A parallel computer has several CPUs which may share other resources such as memory and peripherals.

The term "processor" has to some extent replaced "CPU", though RAM and ROM are not logically part of the processor.

(3) Output Device: Those device through which we can take or print our data.
Example: V.D.U.(Visual Display Unit) or Monitor,Printer,Plotter,Speaker,etc.

Following are the images of parts of computer and internal parts of computer: